People and Skills

People and Skills Specification (PSS) is a framework for creating records of experiences, skills, trainings and certificates that makers can use to showcase accomplishments and relevant knowledge.

View specification

People and Skills Specification helps locate and match experienced makers with the right project at the right time.

The Concept

When it comes to producing physical goods in makerspaces, fab labs, and other manufacturing facilities, the right materials, machinery, and spaces to support production are all needed to get the job done.

There are many ways to ensure that the physical resources are available for producing items, but what about the skills and knowledge needed?

Sometimes it can be difficult to find the expert needed to manage the production process, especially for complex production or products that are in a testing phase or are not produced regularly in a facility.

With the People and Skills Specification (PSS) there is now assurance that the experienced makers to support production can be located and matched with the right project at the right time.

Easily navigate a distributed manufacturing ecosystem

The People and Skills Specification is intentionally designed to provide a standard framework for sharing maker skills and experiences with potential employers, fellow makers, and educational institutions via the Open Badge System Framework; this specification can also be used as a stand-alone, should an open badging system not be an option.

In addition to providing a record of personal maker skills, experiences, and accomplishments, this information can also be used as part of developing a maker passport system; a use case for this is currently under development as part of the European Commission’s mAkE project.

Framework for Access

Passport holder (maker) identity

The identity of digital passport holders can be established via organizational affiliations, or preexisting verification processes (OpenID, OAuth2, etc.).

Passport holder (maker) credentials

Production spaces and projects have varying skills and credentials required, based on what machinery, materials, or chemicals are needed. With this specification, an individual maker can communicate their experiences by category, and an organization can match experiences and skills with what is needed.

Community, Business, and Individual Empowerment

Organizations that choose to adopt this specification and use it can provide individuals with the opportunity to showcase their skills and be recognized in a global movement as qualified experts, based on their individualized skills. Businesses and communities benefit from being empowered to attract the necessary expertise to solve problems locally, and individual makers who become a part of a
'Maker Passport' that the PSS supports will have a way to communicate experience and skills levels automatically for ease of navigation through a global ecosystem.


People and Skills community forum
Open forum
People and Skills Specification (PSS) on PubPub
Open specification

Links, videos and files

People and Skills

This document describes the development of a mutual recognition standard in order to issue digital “Maker Passports” that show skills and experience levels of makers. By Sarah Hutton

People and Skills

Slides include information on upcoming community events. Research and Community Engagement Lead Sarah Hutton is joined by community experts, how the standard is being tested in the Innovative Manufacturing in Africa program, the mAkE Consortium project, and how community members can get involved in contributing to a community-led initiative to further develop this standard and accompanying outreach. To view a recording of the community call on the IOP YouTube channel, visit:

People and Skills

The People and Skills Specification provides a structure for verifying the skills and experiences that are needed to make a specific thing, by providing a shared taxonomy of skills and experiences and a framework for the recognition of this knowledge. This supports not only the ability to locate the expertise and skills needed to make a thing - it also gives individual makers the capability to signal their experiences and skills to potential employers, collaborators, and policy makers. This 1-page pdf flyer provides a brief overview of the spec, as well as links for people to get engaged in the ongoing development and application of People and Skills.